The Origin of Saint Valentine
Each year on February 14, many people exchange cards, candy,gifts or flowers, with their special “valentine”. The day of romance we call Valentine’s Day is named for a Christian Martyr and dates back to the 5th century, although the origins in the Roman holiday Lupercalia.
The history of Valentine’s Day is obscure, and further clouded by various Fanciful legends. Borgna Brunner(2007) evaluates that the holiday roots in the ancient Roman Festival of Lupercalia, a fertility celebration commemorated annually on February 15. Even though it is say that the Pope Gelasius I recast this pagan festival as a Christian feast day circa 496, declaring February 14 to be St. Valentine’s Day. Furthermore Brunner(2007) emphasized that St. Valentine, the early pope intended to honor remains a mystery. With factual evidence that has been found there were at least three early Christian saints with the same name. Everything is a mystery since almost anything is known although it is curious that Brunner(2007) illustrates that all three Valentines were said to have martyred on February 14.
Most scholars believe that the St. Valentine of the holiday was a priest who attracted the disfavor of Roman emperor Claudius II around 270. According to one legend, Television Network (2015) the Catholic Church recognizes at least three different saints named Valentine or Valentinus, all of whom were martyred. One legend contends that Valentine was a priest who served during the third century in Rome. When Emperor Claudius II decided that all single men made better soldiers than those with wives and families and he outlawed marriage for young men. Valentine, realizing the injustice of the decree, defied Claudius and continued to perform marriages for young lovers in secret. When Valentine’s actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death.
The history of Valentine’s Day and the story of its patron saint- is shrouded in mystery. We do know that February has long been celebrated as a month of romance, and that St. Valentine’s Day as we know today, contains vestiges of both Christian and ancient Roman traditions.
"History of Valentine’s Day." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.